The SSDs have stolen the limelight from the traditional HDD as the primary disk on desktops and laptops with its amazing performance by offering speeds that, in the worst case, double rates of mechanical hard drives.

If you want to take care of your SSD so that it maintains the performance of the first day, it will be necessary not to fall into some errors that, either due to the habit of using mechanical hard drives or due to simple ignorance, can cause your SSD to degrade in less time and lose its good performance. These are the 7 mistakes you should avoid to take care of your SSD.

SSDs and HDDs use very different technologies for storing information. Therefore, the configuration and use of the SSDs should also be slightly different.

Unlike hard drives, solid-state drives have a limited number of uses for their information cells-equivalent to about 7 years of intensive use so unnecessary use of those cells will cause the SSD to degrade sooner. than expected. Tasks like secure file deletion, defragmentation, or unnecessary use of space shorten the lifespan of SSDs.

Outdated firmware

The firmware of the SSD units is like its DNA since it is the code that tells the controller that manages the operation of the unit how it should do its job and how it should interact with the other elements of the computer.

Updating the firmware of your SSD ensures a much more efficient operation of your SSD and will avoid many problems in its daily operation.

It is quite likely that you think that, since your SSD is new, few problems can still be presented. Even though you just bought the SSD, it will likely take a few months to build, and the firmware that was installed at the factory may even be older.

Therefore, one of the first things you should do to take care of your SSD is to install the management software that comes with the SSD or that you can download from the manufacturer's page, to check if the SSD firmware is up to date or, failing that , install the update with that same tool.

The best SSDs recommended by Amazon

Given the constant evolution of SSDs, it is not surprising that manufacturers release new versions of their firmware every few months, especially when it comes to models that have been on the market for a relatively short time.

This dynamic of frequent updates of the firmware of the SSDs contrasts with the practices that they carried out with the HDD disks that, being a very mature technology, do not need so many updates. For this reason, this "lack of habit" makes not updating the firmware one of the 7 mistakes you should avoid taking care of your SSD.

Defragment the SSD

The operation of HDDs consists of a series of turntables on which data is written. When a program requests a series of data, the head must move to the place where that data is stored to read it and transfer that information back to the requesting program.

The main drawback of mechanical hard drives is that information is not copied neatly on the hard drive, so part of the file you need can be in one sector of the drive and the rest in others. The more fragmented and disaggregated across the surface of the disk that information is, the longer it will take for the disk to respond to the request, which makes the computer run slower.

For this reason, HDDs need to be defragmented periodically to compact and reorganize all that information. Something totally unnecessary and counterproductive in the case of SSDs, and one of the 7 mistakes you should avoid to take care of your SSD.

Defragmenting an SSD reduces its useful life since by doing so you are moving data around, consuming uses of each cell. Something completely unnecessary since SSDs do not have moving heads that have to move across the storage surface and the controller performs the data reading and writing operation instantly and independently in each cell.

Current versions of Windows, MacOS, and Ubuntu are able to detect the presence of these drives and automatically disable disk defragmentation. Anyway, it never hurts to check it out.



Disable the TRIM command

Surely you already know that when you delete a file from your computer, you are not literally deleting it, but the system changes the label of the space it occupies and shows it as available space to overwrite it with new data from another file.

The operating system uses the TRIM command to tell the SSD controller which blocks of data are in use and which blocks can be overwritten because they have been "erased" by the user. Disabling this command is one of the 7 mistakes you should avoid taking care of your SSD.

If you disable this command, the controller will not know exactly which blocks are in use and which are not, forcing it to check each cell of information one by one. That way, the more the SSD is used, the slower it will run and the more trouble you will have in identifying the data blocks that are in use.

Just make sure that this command is supported and active in your computer's operating system to recover the performance of your SSD.



Use SSD on outdated operating systems

In addition to serving as a basis for installing programs and accessing the files on your computer, the operating system is in charge of managing maintenance and support tools to take better advantage of the performance of the technologies that incorporate the components that connect to the computer.

If using an outdated operating system is generally no longer recommended, installing on an SSD a system that was already outdated when the first drives appeared –such as Windows XP or Windows Vista– or those that were later shoehorned into the support– as is the case of Windows 7 and OS X—, it is the worst of the ideas to get all the performance that these units offer.

In the previous section we have told you about the TRIM command and the importance of its work on the performance of the SSD. Tools as basic in the care of SSDs as TRIM are not supported in old operating systems like Windows XP and, therefore, the use of SSD drives in them is one of the 7 mistakes that you should not make to take care of your SSD.



Apply military wipe of files

The security and privacy of your files is not something to be taken as a joke, but in this case, securely erasing the files you save on an SSD will greatly reduce the life of the device. The reason is quite simple to explain.

As we have already mentioned, SSD drives have a limited number of write operations before the first errors can begin to show. Despite being a very high number, which would correspond to almost a decade of use under normal conditions, Secure Erase would significantly shorten the life of the SSD since, to do its job, it writes 1's and 0's on the data that needs to be deleted.

Each of these writes operations required to make deleted data unrecoverable brings you a little closer to that SSD write limit. Considering that some military erases systems make up to 35 overwrite passes on the data to be erased, it is not hard to imagine the rapid degradation SSDs undergo with secure erase systems.



Fill the SSD to the limit of its capacity

Another common mistake when using an SSD drive is filling the SSD storage to the limit of its capacity. As you do so, you will notice how the drive's performance drops and returns to normal when you free up some disk space.

This decrease in the performance of the SSD is due to the fact that the controller will spend more time searching for space it needs to house the new files and it will have to be constantly moving or relocating some data to locate the new files that you save.

The recommended thing to ensure good performance on your SSD is to always keep around 25% of the total capacity of the SSD free and use the remaining 75% to store your files. With this ratio, the performance of your SSD will always remain as the first day.



Copy and move large files

SSD drives are especially useful for reading and writing small amounts of information, thus taking advantage of the full potential offered by practically negligible latencies. Therefore, it is not highly recommended to store large files, such as videos or multimedia files, and it is one of the errors that you should avoid to take care of your SSD.

As they are large files, they will occupy a greater proportion of available space and it will be easier for you to exceed that 75% capacity limit that we mentioned in the previous section.

On the other hand, since they are files that require a large number of cells, the copy operations of these files consume a greater number of write cycles, which contributes to reducing their useful life.

With this we do not mean that you cannot carry some movies or series on your laptop to watch them during a trip, but if this is an activity that you do regularly, it is best to install a secondary hard drive or even an external drive and play your movies. from the.

After all, you don't need the speed that SSD drives provide to play a video, thus saving you drive degradation for use in operations that maximize the potential of SSDs.